Jane's Oceania Home Page Newsletter
Special Edition - 2nd July 2012

     

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Jane's Oceania Home Page Newsletter (Special Edition)
July/August 2012

I N   T H I S   I S S U E ____________________________

Objectives
News and Views
Pacific Islands Radio

It's Time To Chat!

T H E  V I E W _____________________________________
Jane's Oceania Home Page News and Views

Welcome everybody to this special edition of
our Newsletter for July/August 2012. I must
say that it is just great to be back in touch
with everybody after our last Newsletter January/
February 2012. It has been quite sometime since we
have
been in touch due to my other commitments
and it is just great to be back in touch again.
As always, please let me take this wonderful
opportunity to very sincerely wish everybody
the very best with good health, prosperity,
happiness, peace and harmony.
Once again, please join me in extending a very
warm and sincere Oceania-Pacific Island
welcome to the wonderful number of our new
members who have joined us since our
last Newsletter! Words cannot adequately
express my deepest appreciation and gratitude
for your most welcome and kind support.
 
I would most sincerely like to welcome
you all on board! May you find your stay and
time with us to be enjoyable, mutually beneficial
and most rewarding!
For those many people who have written in,
I have heard you all with my heartfelt
gratitude, in many Forums, e-mails, Blogs, etc.
Be assured that you were and still are always in
my loving thoughts and prayers.
We've all been together for a long time now and
we shall continue together, hopefully for the long
haul, in sharing our mutual love and feelings about
our mutual goal - Oceania/Pacific Islands!
Right now, I am so pleased to be able to advise
that, at present, many undertakings are now in
place and our monthly Newsletters should again
be available to all of you in a revised format,
- starting next month, August 2012! Looking
forward to seeing you all then! 
If I may say that at this time, I have, fortunately,
been able to gather much relevant material and to
undertake new lines of research to be shared in our
upcoming monthly Newsletters for which I am
proposing to introduce in a new updated format.  
 
OBJECTIVES

The objective of our Newsletter is to
promote worldwide the Pacific Islands
and, in particular, the island people. In
addition, the intention of the Newsletter
is to aid in the preservation of our island
culture, history, genealogy, mythology,
ethnology, anthropology and customs,
including rituals and lifestyles.

In doing this, the Newsletter shares and
makes available a wide selection of rare,
historical and contemporary postcards,
along with extensive picture galleries of the
countries and the people of Oceania. These
are still being extensively upgraded and are
of tremendous interest and value to people
who are interested in the history of
Oceania, as well as to our Oceania/Pacific
Island people who wish to gain a greater
appreciation of their beautiful island heritage.
http://www.janeresture.com/oceania_resources/postcards.htm

NEWS AND VIEWS
 
There have been quite a number of exciting
changes both in place and planned for Internet
Radio since our last Newsletter and it is now my
utmost and great pleasure to be able to share some
of these with you.
 
Firstly, regular listeners will have no doubt noticed the
new Station layout introduced by Live365. This new layout
is certainly most colourful and vibrant as well as much
easier to navigate and to listen to. It incorporates the
Station Logo as well as the cover of the CD being played 
and presents our Radio Station in a most exciting and
professional manner. 
 
Our incomparable host Live365.com of our Pacific Islands Radio
Stations has also advised broadcasters that they will shortly
be introducing a facility to allow basic broadcasts to incorporate
Live broadcast segments into their programming. Consequently,
this allows us to open quite a few exciting possibilities such as
live news broadcasts and request programs. No doubt, I will
certainly let you know when this exciting facility becomes
available in the very near future.
 
PACIFIC ISLANDS RADIO - UPGRADE TO CD QUALITY FM
I am very pleased to be able to share with you all, our many
good and loyal listeners worldwide, that the recent upgrade
of our beautiful Pacific Islands Radio to CD quality FM Stereo,
coming to you all in 64kbps, has greatly enhanced our beautiful
Pacific Islands/Oceania music. This has certainly allowed our
music, performed by our many very talented artists, to be heard
and enjoyed by our worldwide audience to its best advantage.

With our Playlists being constantly arranged and updated, for
your listening pleasure, with new and exciting artists (including
those talented artists from other islands worldwide), you are all
invited to share in this most exciting cutting-edge presentation
and enjoyment by logging on www.pacificislandsradio.com or
from any of the links and widgets on my Jane Resture's thousands
of Web pages within my five Domains below:

www.janeresture.com
www.janesoceania.com
www.ourpacificocean.com
www.janesworldomain.com and last but not least:
www.pacificislandsradio.com
Soak in the enchanting sounds of the sun-drenched
Oceania-Pacific Islands coming to you 24/7 in 64kbps FM Stereo!

Wherever you are, I wish you all the very best. Please enjoy!

The following are items in this Newsletter for
July/August 2012:
At this time, I am just so excited to let you know that
I have so much to share with you all in our future
editions. However, I am very pleased to be able to
include below just a little exciting news on the enhancement
and preservation of indigenous art in Australia as a preview
of the very many exciting things and happenings to come your
way in our future Newsletters.

THE EARLY ART OF ARNHEM LAND

Archaeologists working at a remote site in Arnhem Land have made a discovery that establishes early Aborigines as among the most advanced people in human evolution. Arnhem Land is an Aboriginal homeland sacred to its people. It occupies about 97,000 square kilometres of forests and spectacular rivers and gorges east of the Northern Territory capital of Darwin. http://www.janesoceania.com/australia_aboriginal_art/index1.htm
FANNING ISLAND HISTORICAL PICTURES
 
The following historical and cultural images were kindly provided by Ron Healey and comprise photographs taken by his Father, Laurie Healey who was on Fanning Island for some four years up until he returned to New Zealand in 1942. Laurie Healey was a great singer, pianist and guitar player and the guitars in the photographs (below) were hand made by one of the islanders with hand painted scenes of the camp on them.
 
Laurie Healey often spoke of watching the Japanese ships sailing through the passage, and of course wondering if they were to be invaded. Laurie also mentioned that they decided to adopt as much as possible the island way of life and dress and the buildings were built in the native style to make it appear that there were no troops on the island. The gun was camouflaged to look like coconut trees in a plantation.
 
Laurie Healey was posted to Fanning Island with the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. To some extent he acted as the official photographer and processed all his photos himself.  
We are very thankful to Ron Healey for making available the following very important historical
and cultural images of Fanning Island, with our very best wishes and blessings always. ... Jane Resture 
MADAGASCAR SETTLEMENT
Madagascar was colonised by a few dozen Indonesian women 1200 years ago, according to scientists who have probed one of the strangest episodes in the human odyssey. Anthropologists are fascinated by Madagascar, for the island remained aloof from mankind's conquest of the planet for thousands of years. It then became settled by mainland Africans and Indonesians, whose home was 8000 kilometres away.
 
A recent study published in the British Journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B. looked for markers handed down in chromosomes through the maternal line, in DNA samples offered by 266 people from three ethnic Malagasy groups. Twenty-two per cent of the samples had a local variant of the ''Polynesian motif'', a tiny genetic characteristic that is found among Polynesians, but rarely in western Indonesia. In one Malagasy ethnic group, one in two of the samples had this marker.
 
The study suggested that around 30 Indonesian women founded the Malagasy population. The study focused on mitrochondrial DNA, which is transmitted only through the mother, so it does not exclude the possibility that Indonesian men also arrived with the first women 
 
Linguistically, Madagascar's inhabitants speak dialects of a language that traces its origins to Indonesia. Most of the lexicon comes from Ma'anyan, a language spoken along the Barito River valley of south-eastern Borneo, a remote, inland region, with a smattering of words from Javanese, Malay or Sanskrit.
 
Other evidence of early Indonesian settlement comes in the discovery of outrigger boats, iron tools, musical instruments such as the xylophone and a ''tropical food kit'', the cultivation of rice, bananas, yams and taro brought in from across the ocean.

THE PACIFIC OCEAN - ABOUT MORE GARBAGE

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch mentioned in my previous blog has sadly been joined by garbage from the Japanese tsunami. This garbage joins this ocean of debris, including basketball shoes, ice hockey gloves, a motorbike, golf clubs, and a football belonging to a Japanese schoolboy. These are just some of the estimated 4.8 million tonnes of debris swept into the sea by the terrible tsunami in Japan, bits of which have already washed up on the shores of Alaska and Canada.

Around two-thirds of it sank off the coast of Japan, but the rest is now drifting across the Pacific towards North America, stretching across an estimated 6300 kilometres of ocean. Much of it will swirl around for ever in the fabled garbage patch in the north Pacific.

The problem with the Great Pacific Garbage Patch is that it's hard to spot. Most of it consists of tiny bits of plastic, forming a thin and constantly shifting film on the surface of the ocean. Garbage patchologists say it's twice the size of Texas, and has been likened ''a big toilet that never flushes''.

Indeed, there is little indigenous pollution, yet smaller islands and reefs of Hawaii for example, are littered with fishing lines, bottle tops, Lego pieces, golf tees, plastic bottles, toothbrushes, cigarette lighters, syringes, tyres, petrol cans and plastic dinosaurs, swept there by the currents of the north Pacific subtropical gyre. 

The patch formed due to oceanic gyres—rotating systems of ocean currents that have a whirlpool-like effect on debris. In the center, there is very little current, leaving all the plastic stuck in one giant spot. Similar garbage patches have formed in the Atlantic Ocean and in the Southern Hemisphere, although the Pacific Ocean patch is believed to be the largest and most-studied.

Experts disagree on where most of the plastic comes from—some have estimated that 80 per cent of it comes from land sources, others say more of it is from shipping junk—but they agree there's little the public can currently do about it. While plastic breaks down into smaller pieces, it never fully decomposes, so what's left behind in the ocean is there indefinitely. At the moment it is simply not cost effective to skim the surface of the ocean to remove this garbage.

No one can blame the Japanese for the latest surge of garbage, however, for the great tide of crap that is flooding the Pacific, the rest of us will have to carry the can.

MIGALOO ON THE MOVE
 
 
Migaloo, the white humpback whale is heading north to Queensland's warmer waters.
 
Whale watching cruises on the Gold Coast have been booked out this weekend, with Migaloo, the white humpback, expected to pass the tourist strip as the herds make their annual migration north.
After being spotted at Coffs Harbour several days ago, Sea World calculates Migaloo will arrive in waters off the Gold Coast today or tomorrow.
David Robertson, general manager of Sea World Whale Watch, says no one knows how fast the big whale is swimming.
"It all depends on his mood and whether he's with a mate, or courting," he said.
"If he's making a beeline straight for the Barrier Reef he could be travelling at six to eight knots but if he's playing or mucking around he could slow down to four knots."
The last sighting of Migaloo off the Gold Coast was on July 1, 2009.
"He might go out very wide, he might come past at night. It's just the luck of the draw," Mr Robertson said.
"And of course there is another white whale which is thought to be Migaloo's offspring out there too. It was filmed at Airlie Beach last year heading south and it's a juvenile, probably one or two years old."
As many as 17,000 humpbacks are thought to be making their way up the east coast of Australia this year to the warm breeding grounds of the Great Barrier Reef, with the population increasing at about 10 per cent each year.
"It's like a schoolies week for whales. Everyone goes a little bit crazy and it's all the teenagers who are leaping out of the water and putting on a great show."

GLOBAL WARMING - CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE GEOSPHERE

If we think about climate change at all, most of us do so in a very simplistic way: so, the weather might get a bit warmer; floods and droughts may become more of a problem and sea levels will slowly creep upwards. Evidence reveals, however, that our planet is an almost unimaginably complicated beast, which reacts to a dramatically changing climate in all manner of different ways; a few - like the aforementioned - straightforward and predictable; some surprising and others downright implausible. Into the latter category fall the manifold responses of the geosphere. In this context, the term geosphere is used to refer to the densest parts of earth, which consist mostly of rock and regolith. The geosphere consists of the inside of the Earth. In modern texts, geosphere refers to the solid parts of the Earth and is used along with atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere to describe the systems of the Earth.

The world we inhabit has an outer rind that is extraordinarily sensitive to change. While the earth's crust may seem safe and secure, the geological calamities that happen with alarming regularity confirm that this is not the case. In Britain, we only have to go back a couple years to April 2010, when the the ice-covered Icelandic volcano brought European air traffic to a grinding halt. Less than a year ago, our planet's ability to shock and awe headed the news once again as the east coast of Japan was bludgeoned by a cataclysmic combination of megaquake and tsunami, resulting - at a quarter of a trillion dollars or so - in the biggest natural-catastrophe bill ever.

In the light of such events, it somehow seems appropriate to imagine the earth beneath our feet as something that tosses and turns periodically in response to various pokes and prods. Mostly, these are supplied by the stresses and strains associated with the eternal movement of a dozen or so rocky tectonic plates across the face of our world. Changes in the environment too, however, have a key role to play in influencing the earth’s behaviour, as growing numbers of geological studies targeting our post-ice age world have suggested.

Between about 20,000 and 5000 years ago, our planet underwent an astonishing climatic transformation. Over the course of this period, it changes from the frigid wasteland of deepest and darkest ice age to the - broadly speaking - balmy, temperate world upon which our civilisation has developed and thrived. During this extraordinarily dynamic episode, as the immense ice sheets melted and colossal volumes of water were decanted back into the oceans, the pressures acting on the solid earth also underwent massive change. In response, the crust bounced and bent, rocking our planet with resurgence in volcanic activity, a proliferation of seismic shocks and burgeoning giant landslides.

The most spectacular geological effects were reserved for high latitudes. Here, the crust across much of northern Europe and North America had been forced down by hundreds of metres and held at bay for tens of thousands of years beneath the weight of sheets of ice up to 2700 meters thick. As the ice dissipated in soaring temperatures, the crust popped back up like a coiled spring released, at the same time tearing open major faults and triggering great earthquakes in places where they were previously unheard of. Even now, the crust underpinning those parts of Europe and North America formerly imprisoned beneath the great continental ice sheets continues to rise at a far more sedate rate.

As last year's tsunami in Japan most ably demonstrated, when the ground shakes violently beneath the sea, a tsunami may not be far behind. These unstoppable walls of water are hardly a surprise when they happen within the so-called ring of fire that encompasses the Pacific basin but in the more tectonically benign North Atlantic their manifestation could reasonably be regarded as a bit of a shock. 

Volcanic blasts too can be added to the portfolio of postglacial geological pandemonium; the warming climate being greeted by an unprecedented fiery outburst that wracked Iceland as its frozen carapace dwindled, and against which the recent ashy ejaculation from the island's most unpronounceable volcano pales.

The huge environmental changes that accompanied the rapid post-glacial warming of our world were not confined to the top and bottom of the planet. All that melt water had to go somewhere, and as the ice sheets dwindled, so the oceans grew. An astounding 52 million cubic kilometres of water was sucked from the oceans to form the ice sheets, causing sea levels to plummet by about 130 metres. As the ice sheets melted so this gigantic volume of water was returned, bending the crust around the margins of the ocean basins under the enormous added weight, and provoking volcanoes in the vicinity to erupt and faults to rupture, bringing geological mayhem to regions remote from the ice's polar fastnesses.

The breathtaking response of the geosphere as the great ice sheets crumbled might be considered as providing little more than an intriguing insight into the prehistoric workings of our world, were it not for the fact that our planet is once again in the throes an extraordinary climatic transformation - this time brought about by human activities. Clearly, the earth of the early 21st century bears little resemblance to the frozen world of 20,000 years ago. Today, there are no great continental ice sheets to dispose of, while the ocean basins are already pretty much topped up. On the other hand, climate change projections repeatedly support the thesis that global average temperatures could rise at least as rapidly in the course of the next century or so as during post-glacial times, reaching levels at high latitudes capable of driving catastrophic breakup of polar ice sheets as thick as those that once covered much of Europe and North America. Could it be then, that if we continue to allow greenhouse gas emissions to rise unchecked and fuel serious warming, our planet's crust will begin to toss and turn once again?

The signs are that this is already happening. In Alaska, where climate change has propelled temperatures upwards by more than 3 degrees Celsius in the last half century, the glaciers are melting at a staggering rate, some losing up to one kilometre in thickness in the last 100 years. The reduction in weight on the crust beneath is allowing faults contained therein to slide more easily, promoting increased earthquake activity in recent decades. The permafrost that helps hold the state's mountain peaks together is also thawing rapidly, leading to a rise in the number of giant rock and ice avalanches. In fact, in mountainous areas around the world, landslide activity is on the up; a reaction both to a general ramping-up of global temperatures and to the increasingly frequent summer heatwaves.

Whether or not Alaska proves to be the "canary in the cage" - the geological shenanigans there heralding far worse to come - depends largely upon the degree to which we are successful in reducing the ballooning greenhouse gas burden arising from our civilisation's increasingly polluting activities, thereby keeping rising global temperatures to a couple of degrees centigrade at most. So far, it has to be said, there is little cause for optimism, emissions rocketing by almost 6 per cent in 2010 when the world economy continued to bump along the bottom. Furthermore, the failure to make any real progress on emissions control at last December's Durban climate conference ensures that the outlook is bleak. Our response to accelerating climate change continues to be consistently asymmetric, in the sense that it is far below the level that the science says is needed if we are to have any chance of avoiding the all-pervasive devastating consequences.

So what - geologically speaking - can we look forward to if we continue to pump out greenhouse gases at the current hell-for-leather rate? With resulting global average temperatures likely to be several degrees higher by this century's end, we could almost certainly say an eventual goodbye to the Greenland ice sheet, and probably that covering West Antarctica too, committing us - ultimately - to a 10-metre or more rise in sea levels.

GPS measurements reveal that the crust beneath the Greenland ice sheet is already rebounding in response to rapid melting, providing the potential - according to researchers - for future earthquakes, as faults beneath the ice are relieved of their confining load. The possibility exists that these could trigger submarine landslides spawning tsunamis capable of threatening North Atlantic coastlines. Eastern Iceland is bouncing back too as its ice cap fades away. When and if it vanishes entirely, new research predicts a lively response from the volcanoes beneath. A dramatic elevation in landslide activity would be inevitable in the Andes, Himalayas, European Alps and elsewhere, as the ice and permafrost that sustains many mountain faces melts and thaws.

Across the world, as sea levels climb remorselessly, the load-related bending of the crust around the margins of the ocean basins might - in time - act to sufficiently "unclamp" coastal faults such as California's San Andreas, allowing them to move more easily; at the same time acting to squeeze magma out of susceptible volcanoes that are primed and ready to blow.

The simple reality is that through our climate-changing activities we are loading the dice in favour of escalating geological havoc at a time when we can most do without it. Unless there is a dramatic and completely unexpected turnaround in the way in which the human race manages itself and the planet, then long-term prospects for our civilisation look increasingly grim. At a time when an additional 220,000 people are lining up at the global soup kitchen each and every night; when energy, water and food resources are coming under ever-growing pressure, and when the debilitating effects of anthropogenic climate change are insinuating themselves increasingly into every nook and cranny of our world and our lives, the last thing we need is the very real geological havoc that will most probably result.

 
TAHITI PRESIDENT SIGNS HUGE AQUACULTURE DEAL WITH CHINESE COMPANY

The French Polynesian president, Oscar Temaru, says he has signed an agreement with a Chinese company to set up a joint venture in aquaculture.

Mr Temaru has revealed that talks have been held with the Taijin Jasmin Fund Management Corporation which he says is prepared to invest 100 million US dollars a year over 15 years to expand the fishing potential around Hao atoll.

He says the plan is for the new joint venture company to be established in Hong Kong.

Hao atoll was a key base of the French military for 30 years when it used the South Pacific to test nuclear weapons.

Mr Temaru has told the Nouvelles de Tahiti that the Chinese partners plan to invest huge sums into research and hatcheries, which may ultimately boost Hao’s runway to become an international airport.

He has local media that the deal will need to be discussed with new French leadership but that no date has been set.

PAPUA NEW GUINEA ELECTION

Three to six people are reported to have been hacked to death with bush-style parang knives in an ambush near a polling station as Papua New Guinea lurches into the second week of its troubled national elections. The vicious attack took place near the Murusapa polling station inland from the northern coastal city of Madang, with supporters of one candidate attacking scrutineers of another candidate with parangs while bystanders fled for their lives.

In a separate incident on the same day, a young girl was also killed by crossfire when shooting broke out near the Porgera gold mine in Enga province between armed supporters of rival candidates. With the death toll from clashes during campaigning and polling well over 20 people, tensions are rising as allegations of cheating and intimidation fly between candidates.

Several of the 14 candidates in the Hagen open electorate of Western Highlands province complained to local election officials about 7000 ''ghost names'' they said they had found on the electoral roll for the seat. In addition, in many provinces large numbers of people say they have been disenfranchised because their names have been left off the common roll.

The candidate who reported the attack near Madang, said a whole village in the Malala area could not vote because none were listed. Candidates also voiced concern that corrupt polling officials and police are selling left-over blank voting slips to candidates, to be filled in and replace valid votes.

In the newly-created Hela province in the highlands near the $15 billion ExxonMobil liquefied natural gas project, supporters of local candidates rioted last week when it was proposed to take ballot boxes to Mount Hagen for counting. Officials relented, and counting was due to take place locally in Tari yesterday with election monitors from Transparency International and the Commonwealth watching as closely as possible, and two police rapid response teams standing by.

In the Vanimo-Green electorate close to the Indonesian border on the northern coast, held by the controversial Deputy Prime Minister, Belden Namah, candidates have petitioned the electoral commission for extra security including Australian and New Zealand defence personnel, to counter vote rigging. The Green Party candidate Dorothy Tekwie said the call was prompted by threats made against their campaigns, allegedly by associates of Mr Namah.

The violence in the southern highlands and Enga has prevented police and army personnel being moved to other highland provinces, causing votes to be postponed. In adjacent Jiwaka province it has been postponed again to tomorrow because polling officials are refusing to set up booths until they have been paid for earlier election duty.

 
WEST PAPUA

As violence escalates in West Papua, one cannot help but recall East Timor and wonder how much worse it must get before Australia, New Zealand and the international ommunity will act. Indeed, tensions are at breaking point in the easternmost province of Indonesia after the police shooting of independence activist Mako Tabuni.

Human rights activists report Tabuni was unarmed when shot six times by the Australian-trained Detachment 88 forces. Tabuni was deputy chairman of the West Papua National Committee, an organization advocating independence and the right to self-determination under international law. Tabuni had also been campaigning for an investigation into a recent spate of military killings.

The shooting follows years of violence. At least 16 people have been killed in the past month, according to human rights groups, and hundreds of homes raided, with many burnt to the ground. Thousands are reported to be evacuating, seeking refuge in the forest or heading for refugee camps in Papua New Guinea. Credible reports of human rights violations by Indonesian security forces have emerged, including torture, excessive use of force and extrajudicial killings.

While most Australians are proud of our role in ending 24 years of bloody Indonesian occupation in East Timor, we should not forget it came after a long history of accepting Indonesian assertions of sovereignty while ignoring human rights abuse on our doorstep.

Like East Timor, West Papua was annexed by Indonesia in circumstances that violated international law. Comparisons are made, and with good reason.

Both territories are made up of distinct minorities. Both are rich in natural resources. Both have struggled for self-determination. Like East Timor, West Papua had a UN vote for self-determination, only the outcome could not have been more different.

In 1999, East Timor got a proper vote and won independence (not before an estimated 200,000 Timorese had died). But in 1969, West Papua got a sham vote and became part of Indonesia.

Last month, East Timor celebrated 10 years of independence or, as the Timorese say, 10 years since the international community recognized their independence.

But an estimated 400,000 Papuans have now been killed after more than 40 years of Indonesian oppression and abuse.

Australia should, at a minimum, reconsider military aid to Indonesia and call for them to allow media and international organizations access to West Papua to investigate abuses and facilitate peaceful dialogue.

East Timor should remind us of the hefty price of turning a blind eye to repression in the mistaken belief that it serves stability in our region.

 
OCEAN TEMPERATURE AND QUEENSLAND (AUSTRALIA) FLOOD

Scientists,  in a recent article published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters have reported that abnormally high ocean temperatures off the coast of northern Australia contributed to the extreme rainfall that flooded three-quarters of Queensland over the summer of 2010-11.

A Sydney researcher ran a series of climate models and found above average sea surface temperatures throughout December 2010 increased the amount of rainfall across the state by 25 per cent on average. While the study did not look at the cause of ocean warming in the region, a physical oceanographer said climate change could not be excluded as a possible driver of this extreme rainfall event.

Between December 23 and 28 many places experienced up to 400 millimetres of rain in a few days. "That [means] 100 millimetres of rain was attributable to sea surface temperatures. While the flooding occurred during one of the strongest La Nina events on record it was insufficient to produce the extreme rainfall recorded. The effect of the high sea surface temperatures coupled with the impact of a La Nina, both of which are associated with above average rainfall over eastern Australia, plus tropical cyclone Tasha, combined to create an extreme weather event.

The resulting floods stretched across 1.3 million square kilometres all the way to Brisbane, caused billions of dollars in damage and killed 35 people. Ocean temperatures off northern Australia were the highest on record at the time of the Queensland floods. While the La Nina event played a big role in this record ocean warmth, so too did the long-term warming trend over the past 50 years.

To measure the extent high sea surface temperature contributed to the rainfall, a regional climate model was used to compare the effect of the 2010 December sea surface temperatures with the sea surface temperatures from previous La Nina events. Warmer sea surface temperatures increase the amount of moisture transferred from the ocean to the atmosphere resulting in the area from Cairns to south-east Queensland receiving abnormally high precipitation. Indeed, increases in sea surface temperatures can be attributed to global warming, the probability of La Nina events producing extreme rainfall in the future would no doubt also rise.

IT'S TIME TO CHAT 

 
Our Chat Rooms are always available for
online chatting between parties and can be
accessed via Jane's Oceania Home Page:
http://www.janeresture.com or the URLs:
http://pub18.bravenet.com/chat/show.php/1489671900
http://pub32.bravenet.com/chat/show.php/2702076781

COMMENTS AND CONTRIBUTIONS
 
Your valuable contributions and comments
are always most welcome and they can be
sent to me at:
jane@pacificislandsradio.com

Thank you so much everybody for your
very kind support and for being such
important and valuable members of
our Jane's Oceania Community. If I may
say that, after a short  absence, I must
admit that I genuinely and truly miss you
all and I am very much looking forward,
with great renewed energy to the excitement
of being in touch with you all about the
exciting happenings in our beautiful
Oceania/Pacific Islands.

As always, let us all hope for continuing
greater peace and harmony, good health,
prosperity and happiness, for everybody!
I wish you all the very best and please
take care!

May our God bless us all this day and
always! As usual I look forward to the
pleasure of your company next time!

Jane Resture

   

Contents and formats of this Newsletter are:
Copyright © 1999-2012 by Jane Resture
Owner, Webmaster and Broadcaster: Jane Resture 
Any infringements of this Copyright will be considered as a violation of Copyright.

WELCOME EVERYBODY!

Click here for Jane's Oceania Home Page Newsletter for September/October 2011, November/December 2011, January/February 2012, and including our Special Christmas/New Year Edition!

Thank you so much for visiting the above five Domains. I am very pleased to be able to share with you that further limited advertising on these Domains is available. Potential advertisers are cordially invited to choose from several thousand Web sites available for placement of your important advertisements. It is very pleasing to also share that so many of our visitors are accessing  our Web sites utilizing their iPhones and hence giving us a much greater effective advertising.  Many thanks with best wishes to all. For further information, please contact me at:

jane@janeresture.com and/or jane@pacificislandsradio.com

Contents and formats of this Newsletter are:
Copyright © 1999-2012 by Jane Resture
Owner, Webmaster and Broadcaster: Jane Resture 
Any infringements of this Copyright will be considered as a violation of Copyright.
(E-mail: jane@janeresture.com)
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