Atafu Island - Formerly Called Duke Of York Island
Atafu island, an island nation in the South Pacific Ocean, includes a tiny collection of 42 coral islets known as Tokelau, formerly known as the Duke of York Group. Tokelau is a dependent territory of New Zealand. Atafu island is a coral atoll in the South Pacific Ocean and a territory of New Zealand called Tokelau.
Jane RestureSep 29, 202238 Shares1232 Views
Atafu island, an island nation in the South Pacific Ocean, includes a tiny collection of 42 coral islets known as Tokelau, formerly known as the Duke of York Group. Tokelau is a dependent territory of New Zealand.
Atafu island is a coral atoll in the South Pacific Ocean and a territory of New Zealand called Tokelau. It consists of 19 islands that rise to a height of 15 feet above sea level and surround a lagoon that is 3 miles by 2.5 miles in size.
After Atafu island was found by the British explorer John Byron and given the name Duke of York Island, the London Missionary Society brought him to Christ. Even though it rains frequently, fresh water is rare, and islanders must survive on coconuts and marine creatures.
The absence of safe anchorages hinders shipping. A Taupulega, which comprises two elected representatives and the leaders of family groupings, oversees local government. 1.4 square miles in size.
Although only 413 individuals were on Atafu the night the census was collected, 541 people are officially registered as living there as of the 2016 census. 78% of those in attendance are Congregational Church members.
On Atafu Island, which is the atoll's northwest corner, the major town is situated. Although the island's Presbyterian church was founded in 1858, practically the majority of the current population is Congregational Christian.
At the southernmost point of Atafu, the first settlement was founded. To make the most of the cooling trade winds, residents constructed homes along the lagoon's edge.
Polynesians visited the island in the past, although they might not have made it their permanent home. On June 21, 1765, John Byron of HMS Dolphin made the atoll's first European discovery.
At the time, Byron discovered no one was residing on the island. The island was given the name Duke of York's Island. A husband and wife team named Tonuia and Lagimaina, along with their seven children founded the village of Atafu.
The island and the adjacent Tokelauan atolls were claimed by the US between 1856 and 1979. The Treaty of Tokehega, which created a maritime border between Tokelau and American Samoa, was signed in 1979, the same year the United States agreed that Tokelau now fell within New Zealand's jurisdiction.
As was the case with the first inhabitants in the settlement of Atafu, who constructed the houses along the lagoon coast to get the cooling trade winds, the majority of the population resides in the southern portion of the atoll.
Since the atoll is currently one of the less easily accessible locations, the only way to get there is by boat. Once there, though, people can enjoy the rich marine life, hop from island to island when the tide is low and talk to the locals to learn as much as they can about the unique Tokelau culture.