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Howland Island - An Uninhabited Land In The Pacific Ocean

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Polynesia is a part of the Pacific Ocean about halfway between Hawaii and Australia. Howland Island is an uninhabited island in that area. The atoll has no businesses and is probably best known as the island that Amelia Earhart never got to.

The United States is in charge of defense, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service goes to the island every two years. Howland Island National Wildlife Refuge is not open to the public, and you can only get in if you have a Special Use Permit and your activity fits with the goals of the refuge.

History Of Howland Island

POV: Howland Island

Howland Island, which used to be called Worth Island, is an unincorporated territory of the United States. It is a coral atoll. It is in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, about 1,650 miles (2,650 km) southwest of Honolulu.

COPYRIGHT_JANE: Published on https://www.janeresture.com/howland/ by Jane Resture on 2022-10-12T04:37:58.592Z

The atoll is 20 feet tall (6 meters), 1.5 miles long (2.4 km), 0.5 miles wide (0.8 km), and less than 0.6 square miles in size (1.6 square km). Its central basin shows that a lagoon used to be there.

In 1822, George Worth, the captain of a whaling ship from Nantucket, was the first person to see the island. He named it Worth Island. In 1842, another American whaling ship went to the island, and its lookout gave the island its new name, Howland Island.

Under the Guano Act of 1856, the US claimed Howland and nearby Baker Island in 1857. The guano deposits on the atoll are now gone. It was settled by people from Hawaii in 1935, and the U.S. Department of the Interior took charge of it in 1936.

It was a stop for planes going between Hawaii and Australia. Amelia Earhart and her navigator, Frederick J. Noonan, were lost near Howland on July 2, 1937, after stopping in Lae, Papua New Guinea.

The atoll is home to several species of migratory seabirds and shorebirds as well as threatened and endangered sea turtles. There are no people who live there full-time. In 2009, Howland Island was made a part of the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument as well as a U.S. National Wildlife Refuge.

Howland Island Geography

The island is in the North Pacific Ocean at (0°48′N 176°38′W). It is only 1.84 km2 (455 acres) and has a coastline of 6.4 km. The island is long and thin and runs north to south.

The climate is equatorial, which means it doesn't rain much and the sun is very hot. A constant wind from the east keeps things from getting too hot or too cold. The land is flat and sandy.

It is a coral island surrounded by a narrow reef and has a slightly higher area in the middle. About 6 meters above sea level is where the highest point is.

There are no natural sources of clean water. There are grasses all over the landscape, as well as low-growing vines and shrubs. In 1942, someone saw a low grove of dead and decaying kou trees on a very small hill in the middle of the island.

58 years later, in 2000, a tourist on a scientific expedition saw "a flat bulldozed plain of coral sand, without a single tree and some ruins of buildings. Howland is mostly a place for seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife to nest, rest, and look for food. The U.S. claims a 200-nautical-mile (370 km) exclusive economic zone and a 12-nautical-mile (22 km) territorial sea (22 km).

People Also Ask

What Is Howland Island Known For?

It is probably best known as the island that Amelia Earhart was looking for but never got to because her plane went missing on July 2, 1937, while she was trying to fly around the world. The airstrips that were built for her planned stopover became damaged, were not kept up, and eventually disappeared.

Is There Anything On Howland Island?

The atoll is home to several species of migratory seabirds and shorebirds as well as threatened and endangered sea turtles. There are no people who live there full-time. In 2009, Howland Island was made a part of the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument as well as a U.S. National Wildlife Refuge.

Can You Visit Howland Island?

Howland Island National Wildlife Refuge is not open to the public, and you can only get in if you have a Special Use Permit and your activity fits with the goals of the refuge.

Conclusion

Howland Island is an island that may be found in the Micronesia region of the Pacific Ocean. It is located roughly in the middle of the distance from Hawaii to Australia.

The most important event that was supposed to take place here, namely the arrival of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan after their doomed trip around the world, did not take place.

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About The Authors

Jane Resture

Jane Resture - Since she embarked on her first world trip in 2002, Jane Resture spent the past decades sharing her personal journey and travel tips with people around the world. She has traveled to over 80 countries and territories, where she experienced other cultures, wildlife she had only read about in books, new foods, new people, and new amazing experiences. Jane believes that travel is for everyone and it helps us learn about ourselves and the world around us. Her goal is to help more people from more backgrounds experience the joy of exploration because she trusts that travel opens the door to the greatest, most unforgettable experiences life can offer and this builds a kinder, more inclusive, more open-minded world.

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