The Republic of Kiribati's capital, Tarawa, is located on an atoll in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. It is made up of North Tarawa, which has 6,629 people and is similar to other, more remote islands in the Gilberts group. South Tarawa, as of 2015 had 56,388 people, or half of the country's total population. Tarawa is an ancient Gilbertese form for Te Rawa, meaning "The Passage," since Tarawa is quite a unique atoll in Kiribati, having a big ship passage or canal to the lagoon.
Jane RestureSep 30, 202219 Shares613 Views
The Republic of Kiribati's capital,Tarawa, is located on an atoll in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. It is made up of North Tarawa, which has 6,629 people and is similar to other, more remote islands in the Gilberts group.
South Tarawa, as of 2015 had 56,388 people, or half of the country's total population. Tarawa is an ancient Gilbertese form for Te Rawa, meaning "The Passage," since Tarawa is quite a unique atoll in Kiribati, having a big ship passage or canal to the lagoon.
In the popular etymology based on Kiribati mythology, Nareau, the God-spider, distinguished Karawa, the sky, from Marawa, the sea, and from Tarawa, the land. The atoll was the site of the Battle of Tarawa during World War II.
Tarawa features a tropical rainforest climate under the Köppen climate classification. The climate is pleasant from April to October, with predominant northeastern winds and stable temperatures at close to 30 °C. From November to March, western gales bring rain and occasional cyclones.
Precipitation varies significantly between islands. The annual average is 3,000 mm in the north and 500 mm in the south of the Gilbert Islands. Most of these islands are in the dry belt of the equatorial oceanic climatic zone and experience prolonged droughts.
Thomas Gilbert, captain of the East India Company vessel Charlotte, was the first European to describe Tarawa, arriving on June 20th, 1788. He called it Matthew Island, after the owner of his ship, the Charlotte. He named the lagoon Charlotte Bay. Gilbert's sketches from 1788 still exist.
The Tarawa Post Office opened on January 1, 1911. Sir Arthur Grimble was a cadet administrative officer stationed at Tarawa in 1926 when he was named Resident Commissioner of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands colony.
Tarawa was a Japanese-held territory during World War II, and on November 20, 1943, the bloody Battle of Tarawa took place there. On that day, United States Marines landed on Tarawa and suffered heavy losses from Japanese soldiers occupying entrenched positions on the atoll.
To upgrade the main road that passes through Tarawa from a dirt road, the Kiribati government started a road restoration project in 2014 that was partially funded by the World Bank.
North Tarawa, which is made up of the developed islands at the south of the atoll, west of the airport at Bonriki, and where the vast majority of the population resides, and South Tarawa, which consists of the tiny islands extending north of the airport and has a population of fewer than 7,000, are divided administratively.
Supply boats occasionally depart Fiji. There’s no point quoting schedules or details as there are none. Just ask around in Suva, Nadi, or Lautoka harbors. Captains usually accept hitchhikers for a small fee.
Prepare for the worst: no comfort, bad food. And for the best: excellent company, Polynesian and Micronesian hospitality, and adventure. Private yachts cruising the Pacific sometimes also take passengers.
In the Battle of Tarawa during World War II, the U.S. opened its Central Pacific Campaign against Japan by conquering the highly defended, Japanese-held island of Betio in the Tarawa Atoll in the Gilbert Islands. The 18,000 U.S. It was anticipated that the Marines sent to tiny Betio would easily secure it, but issues quickly surfaced.
A perfect place to visit and enjoy the summer holidays! Tarawa, a coral atoll of the Gilbert Islands and capital of Kiribati, in the west-central Pacific Ocean. It sits 2,800 miles northeast of Australia and is the most populated atoll in the Gilberts.