ChristmasIsland, formerly known as the Territory of Christmas Island, is an island in the Indian Ocean that is governed as an Australian external territory. It is located about 224 miles (360 km) south of the island of Java and 1,400 miles (1,600 km) northwest of Australia.
The island is at the top of an oceanic mountain, and Murray Hill, in the western section of the island, is its highest point, rising to a height of 1,184 feet. On the northeastern side of the island, Flying Fish Cove is where the primary village and port are located.
The island was named on Christmas Day 1643 by Captain William Mynors of the British East India Company after Richard Rowe, master of the Thomas, who made the first known sighting of it in 1615.
The crew of the HMS Egeria gathered soil and rock samples in 1887; British naturalist John Murray examined the samples and discovered that they were almost all phosphate of lime.
Richard Rowe of the Thomas was the first European to see the island in 1615. On Christmas Day in 1643, the English East India Company ship Captain William Mynors of the Royal Mary gave the island its name.
Early in the 17th century, the island was marked on English and Dutch navigational charts, although Pieter Goos, a Dutch cartographer, did not mark the island on a map until 1666. Goos gave the island the mysterious names "Mony" or "Moni."
The first known voyage to the area around the island was undertaken in March 1688 by English explorer William Dampier while sailing on board Cygnet, a privateer ship owned by Charles Swan.
He discovered no one there. Dampier documented the trip in writing. Dampier was traveling from New Holland to Cocos. His ship was blown off course in an easterly direction, and it took it 28 days to reach Christmas Island.
At "the Dales," Dampier set down on the West Coast. The first Europeans to step foot on Christmas Island were two of his crew members. A Voyage to and from the Island of Borneo, in the East Indies, written by Captain Daniel Beeckman of the Eagle in 1718, describes the island's passage on 5 April 1714.
- Red Crab Migration.
- Scuba Diving.
- Bird Watching.
- Eating Out.
It has a tropical climate, where trade winds control the heat and humidity. Throughout the year, temperature variations are minimal. The lowest temperature, 23 °C, happens in August, while the maximum temperature is often around 29 °C in March and April. Between July and October, there is a dry season with sporadic precipitation.
From November through June, there are monsoons, which bring sudden downpours of rain. The rainy season is when tropical cyclones also develop, bringing with them extremely powerful winds, heavy rain, and very high waves.
- VQ3 Lodge.
- The Sunset.
- The Cocos Padang Lodge.
- Island Time Guest Room.
- Mango Tree Lodge.
- Christmas Island Apartments.
There are hotels and resorts on Christmas Island for every price range.
From Perth on Australia's west coast, a direct flight to Christmas Island takes around four hours.
Christmas Island is an Australian territory, and Indonesia, which is located roughly 350 km to the north, is Christmas Island's closest neighbor.
One of the islands in the Indian Ocean, Christmas Island, is located about 1,550 km northwest of Australia and south of Indonesia. It is a territory of that country. Around 1,800 people lived there in 2016, representing a mixture of Straits Chinese, Malay, Australian, and other ethnic groups.