Nauru Island - The Smallest Country In Micronesia
Previously known as Pleasant Island, Nauruis an island nation and microstate in Oceaniain the Central Pacific. Its official name is the Republic of Nauru. BanabaIsland in Kiribati, 300 kilometers to the east, is its closest neighbor.
It is also located south of the Marshall Islands, southeast of the Federated States of Micronesia, east-northeast of Papua New Guinea, northwest of Tuvalu, and 1,300 kilometers northeast of the Solomon Islands.
Nauru, the smallest republic and the smallest island nation, has a land area of about 21 km2, making it the third-smallest country in the world after Vatican City and Monaco. It is home to roughly 10,000 people, making it the second-smallest city in the world after Vatican City.
The island of Nauru, which is situated halfway between Australia and Hawaii, is the farthest spot on earth from Europe. There was no European recorded sighting of the island until November 8, 1798, when a British ship called the Snow Hunter was passing on its way to the China Seas.
Numerous Nauruans arrived in canoes to welcome the sailors. John Fearn, the captain of the Snow Hunter, forbade his crew from getting off the ship. Neither did any Nauruan boards.
However, the friendly greeting, as well as the island's center verdant plateau, swaying palms, and white-sand beaches, enchanted Captain Fearn to the point that he gave it the name Pleasant Island.
There are no harbors or safe anchorages on the majority of Nauru, which rises relatively sharply from the water. The island's small interior Buada Lagoon is encircled by a rather productive yet restricted zone. Coral cliffs farther inland reach a plateau 100 feet above sea level, with the tallest point reaching around 213 feet.
The majority of those who live on the island are native Nauruans. I-Kiribati (Gilbertese), Australians, New Zealanders, Chinese, and Tuvaluans are all very uncommon; many people from the latter two groups were hired as laborers by the phosphate business. The national tongue is Nauruan.
The language's links to other Micronesian languages are poorly understood, and no good written grammar for the language has been developed. English is a common language. One of the South Pacific's most industrialized nations is Nauru.
Inside Nauru - World's Least Visited Country
All members of parliament (MPs) of Nauru run as independents because there are no political parties there. Every three years, people of Nauru above the age of 20 elect MPs. Prior to electing the President from among the remaining members during its first session, the parliament, wherever practicable, elects a Speaker, a Deputy Speaker.
The President then chooses a minimum of four lawmakers to join them in creating a cabinet. 2019's elections resulted in the appointment of His Excellency Lionel Aingimea as president. Elections in Nauru are scheduled for 2023.
Nauru and Australia get along well, and Australia is its main trading, investment, security, and development partner. In August 2009, the Australian government transformed its consulate-general into a high commission.
In March 2022, the Republic of Nauru formally inaugurated a High Commission in Australia in addition to its current Brisbane Consulate-General.
Nauru has lost at least 80% of its native vegetation since the turn of the 20th century.
It is the tiniest island country in the world.
Due to its abundant phosphate reserves, Nauru had the highest GDP per capita in the years after its independence in 1968.
An amazing place to visit. One of three large phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean, the others being Banaba in Kiribati and Makatea in French Polynesia, Nauru is an elevated, fossilized coral atoll. The entire land area of Nauru is 21 square kilometers.