Travel - Page 13
The American whaler Maro, captained by Captain Joseph Allen, made the first known discovery of the Gardner Pinnacles on June 2, 1820. The survey ship USS Fenimore Cooper discovered where the Gardner Pinnacles were in 1859. The Giant Opihi (Cellana talcosa), also known as the "opihi ko'ele," is a Hawaiian Limpet that can only be found in the Hawaiian Islands and the Gardner Pinnacles.
The atoll of low sand and coral in the Central Pacific named Canton is situated 2'50' S, 171' W, or around 266 kilometers below the equator. The island is made up of a 43 km-long, a thinly vegetated strip of land with widths ranging from 50 to 600 meters. It is surrounded by a lagoon. The majority of the island is encircled by a fringing reef, which is visible in certain places at low tide.
The Midway Islands are a federally administered unincorporated territory of the United States located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, 1,300 miles (or 2,100 kilometers) to the northwest of Honolulu. It is located on the westernmost tip of the Hawaiian archipelago and is made up of a coral atoll that has a radius of 15 miles (24 km) and two major islands: the Sand Island and the Eastern (Green) Island.
In the southwest Pacific Ocean, 400 miles northwest of Tahiti, lies Flint Island, the southernmost coral island in Kiribati's Southern Line Islands. The formation rises to a level height of 22 feet, has a land area of 1 square mile, and is shaped like an elongated diamond with dimensions of 2.5 miles by 0.5 miles with multiple brackish lagoons.
The Republic of Kiribati's capital, Tarawa, is located on an atoll in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. It is made up of North Tarawa, which has 6,629 people and is similar to other, more remote islands in the Gilberts group. South Tarawa, as of 2015 had 56,388 people, or half of the country's total population. Tarawa is an ancient Gilbertese form for Te Rawa, meaning "The Passage," since Tarawa is quite a unique atoll in Kiribati, having a big ship passage or canal to the lagoon.
Tokelau, a New Zealand dependency in the South Pacific Ocean, has the coral atoll of Nukunonu. It has 30 islands that surround a lagoon that is 8 miles by 7 miles. The island was discovered in 1791 and given the name Duke of Clarence Island by the captain of the British ship Pandora, which was looking for HMS Bounty mutineers.
An independent island nation in the South Pacific Ocean, the Cook Islands are free to associate with New Zealand. It is made up of 15 islands with a combined land area of 240 square kilometers. The Exclusive Economic Zone of the Cook Islands is 1,960,027 square kilometers. It is in the ocean. The Cook Islands have had independent foreign and defense policies since 2001. Henry Puna, a Cook Islander, presently holds the position of Secretary General of the Pacific Islands Forum.
Christmas Island, formerly known as the Territory of Christmas Island, is an island in the Indian Ocean that is governed as an Australian external territory. It is located about 224 miles (360 km) south of the island of Java and 1,400 miles (1,600 km) northwest of Australia. The island is at the top of an oceanic mountain, and Murray Hill, in the western section of the island, is its highest point, rising to a height of 1,184 feet.
Previously known as Pleasant Island, Nauru is an island nation and microstate in Oceania in the Central Pacific. Its official name is the Republic of Nauru. Banaba Island in Kiribati, 300 kilometers to the east, is its closest neighbor. It is also located south of the Marshall Islands, southeast of the Federated States of Micronesia, east-northeast of Papua New Guinea, northwest of Tuvalu, and 1,300 kilometers northeast of the Solomon Islands.
Suwarrow Island, sometimes known as Suvarov, is a self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand in the South Pacific Ocean. It is one of the northern Cook Islands. It is a coral atoll with 25 islands, with Anchorage Island being the most significant. It was discovered in 1814 by the commercial ship Suvorov of the Russian-American Company.
A continuous ring of a coral reef encircling a lagoon includes several sandy islands, including Palmerston Island. Home is the lone inhabited islet. The islands' total land area is around one square mile (2.6 km2). There are roughly 3,600 acres of coral reef (15 km2). The lagoon spans an area of around 22 square miles and is about 7 miles (11 km) broad (57 km2).
Butaritari is an atoll in the island country of Kiribati in the Pacific Ocean. The atoll has about four sides. The south and southeast portions of the atoll are composed of islets that are practically continuous. Along the north side of the atoll, the reef is continuous but nearly entirely devoid of islands.
Coral atoll Malden Island, originally Independence Island, is located in Kiribati's Central and Southern Line Islands in the western Pacific Ocean. It's about 2,700 kilometers (or 1,700 miles) south of Hawaii. It is a flat formation with a land area of 28 square kilometers (11 square miles) and a vast lagoon.
Since Europeans did not arrive in Kiribati until 1892, Kiribati music is less influenced by Western culture than the music of most other Pacific island nations. Kiribati's national anthem is "Kunan Kiribati" by I.T. Uriam. It was chosen when the country got its independence in 1979. Typically, chanting or other types of vocalization are accompanied by body percussion in Kiribati traditional music.
Talking about Rotuma island is located in the South Pacific Ocean, 400 miles (640 km) northwest of Suva, Rotuma Island is a Fijian-dependent island. There are eight islets surrounding the volcanic island of Rotuma. The main island was once known as Grenville and was discovered in 1791 by the British naval ship Pandora as it was searching for the HMS Bounty mutineers.
Micronesia Madol is one of the most remarkable historical sites in the Pacific. The little island of Temwen in the Federated States of Micronesia lies close to the eastern side of the island of Pohnpei, where the city remains are located on a coral reef in a lagoon. Before it was abandoned, Nan Madol was a significant center for native Pohnpeians' politics and religion.
Atafu island, an island nation in the South Pacific Ocean, includes a tiny collection of 42 coral islets known as Tokelau, formerly known as the Duke of York Group. Tokelau is a dependent territory of New Zealand. Atafu island is a coral atoll in the South Pacific Ocean and a territory of New Zealand called Tokelau.
Fiji island is a nation in the South Pacific Ocean's Melanesia region of Oceania. It is located near New Zealand, at around 1,100 nautical miles away. There are more than 330 islands, of which around 110 are inhabited year-round. More than 500 islets make up the archipelago of Fiji, which has a total land area of roughly 18,300 square kilometers.
A part of the Gilberts group in Kiribati, Abemama (Apamama) is an atoll that is 152 kilometers (94 miles) southeast of Tarawa and slightly north of the equator. Abemama was home to 3 299 people in 2015. Its size is 27.37 square kilometers (10.57 square miles) as of 2015. The islands are around a large lagoon. Causeways connect the several islets in the eastern portion of the Abemama atoll, allowing for vehicular travel between them. On the southwest edge of the atoll lie the small islands of Abatiku and Bike.
The Phoenix Islands, also known as Rawaki, are a collection of eight atolls and two underwater coral reefs that are located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, north of Samoa, east of the Gilbert Islands, and west of the Line Islands. They are a component of the Kiribati Republic. The total size of their land is 28 square kilometers (11 sq mi). Canton Island is the only island with significant significance for commerce (also called Abariringa).
One of Kiribati's Phoenix Islands is the Orona atoll, often referred to as Hull Island. Similar to Kanton, it is a short strip of land around a huge lagoon with depths of 15-20 meters, measuring roughly 8.8 km by 4 km. The lagoon is connected to the surrounding ocean via several channels, although only a few can accommodate even a small boat.
The Republic of Kiribati's Phoenix Islands contains the small, uninhabited island of McKean Island. It is 57 hectares (140.85 acres) in size. The Phoenix Islands Protected Area was established by Kiribati in 2006, and it was enlarged in 2008. There are eight coral atolls in the 164,200 square miles (425,300 square kilometers) marine reserve, including McKean Island.
The Phoenix Island group includes the tiny, uninhabited coral island of Birnie Island, which is 20 hectares in size and a part of the Republic of Kiribati. It is about 90 miles west-northwest of Rawaki Island. Which used to be called Phoenix Island, and is about 100 km southeast of Kanton Island. At only 1.2 kilometers in length and 0.5 kilometers in width, Birnie Island is small.
Nikunau is the sixth-largest island in the nation and one of the southern Gilbert Group islets. The island is divided into two sections that are connected by a small strip of land in the center. The northern section of the island contains the primary infrastructure as well as the villages of Muribenua, Tabutoa, Rungaata, and Mwanriiki, while the southern section is made up of Nikumanu and Tabomatang.